The track category is the heading under which your abstract will be reviewed and later published in the conference printed matters if accepted. During the submission process, you will be asked to select one track category for your abstract.
Clinical Nephrology engage in diagnosing and treating various kidney diseases and conditions. It also involved in treating the kidney related other organ diseases, like cardiovascular diseases. Clinical Nephrology uses the advanced technology in treating and diagnosing the kidney diseases under lab conditions. It involves study of kidney, its function, diseases, diagnosis method, and treatment for various diseases in adults. Clinical Nephrology mostly concerned about diseases in adults, and old people. Cystectomy is the surgical procedure to remove urinary bladder or to remove abnormal cyst. Recent advance in clinical nephrology is Warfarin-related Nephropathy which involves treating renal complications with anti-coagulating agents.
- Track 2-1Critical care nephrology
- Track 2-2Stem cell and regenerative nephrology
Proper health conditions should be managed that prevents kidney damages such as diabetes and high blood pressure. Some of the common kidney disease prevention strategies are making healthy food choices, making physical activity part of your routine.
- Track 4-1Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs)
- Track 4-2Urine Test
Female Urology deals with the unintended leakage after excessive excitements and physical movements most often occurs in women in their late 30s and older, typically after having children. Excess obsessiveness also plays a major role in developing leakage. Physical exam and evaluation, behavioural therapies, considering reduction in the intake of water and caffeine as well as trying exercises for the pelvic floor muscles to build strength. Surgical options can also be implemented if the problem persists or worsens.
- Track 5-1Incontinence after pregnancy
- Track 5-2Overactive bladder
- Track 5-3Urinary tract infection
Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death which is caused by chronic kidney disease and cardiometabolic risk. It is closely related to kidney diseases and causing dysfunction of both organs. Patients with End Stage Renal Disease are at much higher risk of mortality due to cardiovascular disease. The risk factors are hypertension, hyperlipidaemia and diabetes. Acute Kidney Injury is strongly related to cardiovascular Disease and its early diagnosis and treatment will have significant positive effect.
- Track 6-1High Blood Pressure (Advanced Hypertension)
- Track 6-2Coronary heart disease (CHD)
- Track 6-3Coronary artery disease (CAD)
Successful kidney transplantation offers the best possible quality of life for patients with end stage renal disease. Despite this, the successful renal transplantation rates in the developing world are considerably lower than in the developed world. When identified reasons for this include lack of awareness, low education levels, lack of a clear national policy, absence of functional dialysis and transplant units with adequately trained staff, and absence of an organized system of organ retrieval from deceased donors and lack of opportunities to fund long-term immunosuppression. Some of Challenges include Acute Rejection, Graft Loss, Graft Survival.
- Track 7-1Outcomes of transplantation.
- Track 7-2Patient survival
- Track 7-3Innovation in transplantation
- Track 7-4Multilocular Cystic RCC
Epidemic proportions have been reached in Kidney disease due to an increase in diabetes, hypertensive disease, and obesity. Urologic diseases include prostate cancer, the second-leading cause of cancer-related death in men. The urinary and reproductive tracts are closely linked, and disorders of one often affect the other.
- Track 8-1Cystoscopy and Ureteroscopy
- Track 8-2Dialysis
- Track 8-3Surgical Implantation
- Track 8-4Advances in Kidney Transplantation
- Track 8-5Bladder Infection (UTI) in Adults
- Track 8-6Bladder Infection (UTI) in Children
- Track 8-7Cystocele (Prolapsed Bladder)
There are numerous causes of male infertility like illness, injuries, chronic health problems, lifestyle choices and other factors play a major role in causing male infertility. There are number of tests to determine the cause of infertility. Around 15 percent of couples are infertile. This statistic clearly infers that they are not able to give birth to a child, even though they have had frequent, unprotected sexual intercourse for a year or longer. Low sperm production, abnormal sperm function or blockages prevent the delivery of sperm.
- Track 9-1Ejaculation issues
- Track 9-2Tumors
- Track 9-3Prior surgeries
- Track 9-4Varicocele
- Track 9-5Infection
The diagnosis and treatment of kidney diseases, consisting the electrolyte disturbances and hypertension and the care of those requiring renal replacement therapy, including dialysis and renal transplant patients. It also deals with the prevention, diagnosis, and management of kidney diseases and associated disorders, including cancer.
- Track 10-1Pediatric Nephrology
- Track 10-2Clinical Nephrology
- Track 10-3Integrative Nephrology
- Track 10-4Nephrology & Urology
- Track 10-5Kidney Transplantation recipients
Kidney function tests look for the level of waste products, such as creatinine and urea, in blood. Analysing a sample of urine may reveal abnormalities that point to chronic kidney failure and help identify the cause of chronic kidney disease. Kidney biopsy is often done with local anaesthesia using a long, thin needle that's inserted through your skin and into your kidney. The biopsy sample is sent to a lab for testing to help determine what's causing your kidney problem. Ultrasound is used to assess your kidneys' structure and size. Diagnosis method vary for different conditions.
- Track 11-1Acute Kidney Injury
- Track 11-2Glomerular Disease
- Track 11-3Chronic Kidney Disease
- Track 11-4End Stage Kidney Disease
Nursing process is to care for patients of all ages who are experiencing, or are at risk for, kidney disease. Nephrology nursing involves both preventing disease and assessing the health needs of patients and families.
- Track 12-1Nurse Educator
- Track 12-2Hemodialysis Nurse
- Track 12-3Care for Kideny diseases
- Track 12-4Peritoneal dialysis Nurse
- Track 12-5Vascular access coordinator
- Track 12-6Clinical nurse specialist
- Track 12-7Nurse practitioner
- Track 12-8Pharmaceutical representative
- Track 12-9Nurse researcher
- Track 12-10Quality management
Cancer and Cancer related therapy makes the patients to suffer from kidney diseases. Cancer can affect the kidney either as the glomerular lesions or due to the toxic effects of medications or radiations.
- Track 13-1Tuberous Sclerosis (TS)
- Track 13-2Chemotherapy
- Track 13-3Renal Cell Carcinoma and Types
- Track 13-4Urinalysis
- Track 13-5Prostate Cancer
- Track 13-6Von Hippel-Lindau Syndrome (VHL)
- Track 13-7Bladder Cancer
- Track 13-8Immunotherapy
Pediatric Nephrology is dedicated to care of children with renal diseases like urinary tract infection, bowel bladder dysfunction, nephrotic syndrome, chronic glomerulonephritis, acute and chronic renal failure, congenital renal anomalies, tubular disorders, systemic severe and progressive renal disorders. Pediatric nephrology covers a large field of medical developments, including genetics, care strategies, and renal preservation. Most of the Pediatric kidney diseases are congenital, some of them familial with a precise heredity. Chronic dialysis remains a life event for most of the children on end-stage renal disease despite the growing place of pre-emptive kidney transplantation. A recent population-based study in the Gironde region of France reported an incidence of about 2.3 Pediatric cases of idiopathic nephrotic syndrome for every 100,000 children <15 years of age. Pediatric nephrologist have the special skills and experience to treat child. Pediatric nephrologists treat children from infancy through late adolescence and in some centres up to young adulthood.
- Track 14-1Clinical Pediatric Nephrology
- Track 14-2Pediatric Kidney Failure Diet
- Track 14-3Pediatric Kidney Dialysis
Pediatric Urology is a surgical subspecialty majorly focuses on the management of genital and urinary problems that occur in children thereby comprising of the special emphasis on developmental problems which affects the kidneys, bladder, urethra or genital tract.
- Track 15-1Bedwetting
- Track 15-2Urinary Incontinence
- Track 15-3Hypospadias
- Track 15-4Epispadias
The two bean shaped organs which filter extra water and wastes out of your blood and make urine. Kidney disease is caused when the kidneys are damaged and cannot filter blood the way they should. Millions of tiny structures called nephrons are present inside each kidney. They remove wastes and extra water, which become urine. Most kidney diseases attack the nephrons. This damage may leave kidneys unable to remove wastes. The presence of diseases like diabetes, high blood pressure, or a close family member with kidney disease results in the higher risk of kidney disease. Chronic kidney disease damages the nephrons slowly over several years. Other kidney problems include:
- Track 16-1Cancer
- Track 16-2Cysts
- Track 16-3Stones
- Track 16-4Infections
The diet prescribed to the patients suffering from renal problems and to monitor the intake of protein, potassium, sodium, phosphorus, and fluids. Metabolism deals with the set of life-sustaining chemical reactions.
- Track 17-1Food and Drug Administration Acts and Laws
- Track 17-2Tempering and counterfeiting
Our body contains a drainage system which is used to remove urine. The major composition of urine is wastes and water. The urinary track consists of kidneys, ureters, and bladders. In the process of normal urination, the urinary tract needs to work together in the systematic order. Urological diseases or conditions comprises of urinary tract infections, kidney stones, bladder control problems, and prostate problems, among others. The period of existence of certain urologic conditions are short span whereas the others are long-lasting.
- Track 18-1Urinary Retention
- Track 18-2Bladder Control Problems (Urinary Incontinence)
- Track 18-3Hematuria (Blood in the Urine)
Urologic cancers comprise of malignancies of the prostate, bladder, kidney and testes. The major concern is the surgical treatment of malignant genitourinary diseases such as cancer of the prostate, adrenal glands, bladder, kidneys, ureters, testicles, and penis.
- Track 19-1Prostate Cancer
- Track 19-2Penile and testicular Carcinoma
- Track 19-3Kidney Cancer
During pregnancy, the uterus become large that compress the ureters. This change lead to the problem of draining urine from the kidney causing the urine to remain stagnant. As a result, the bacteria accumulate in the kidney rather than washing out. This causes infection. Usually, kidney disorders worsen only in pregnant women who have high blood pressure that is not well-controlled. Having a chronic kidney disorder before becoming pregnant increases the risk that the fetus will not grow as much as expected or be stillborn. Having a severe kidney disorder usually prevents women from carrying a baby to term.
- Track 20-1Acute Rejection
- Track 20-2Graft Loss
- Track 20-3Chronic Allograft Nephropath
- Track 20-4Graft Survival
- Track 20-5Cost Reduction
- Track 20-6CKD and pregnancy
- Track 20-7Lupus nephritis and pregnancy
- Track 20-8Kidney in pregnancy
- Track 20-9Pregnancy after kidney transplantation