The track category is the heading under which your abstract will be reviewed and later published in the conference printed matters if accepted. During the submission process, you will be asked to select one track category for your abstract.
Clinical Nephrology engage in diagnosing and treating various kidney diseases and conditions. It also involved in treating the kidney related other organ diseases, like cardiovascular diseases. Clinical Nephrology uses the advanced technology in treating and diagnosing the kidney diseases under lab conditions. It involves study of kidney, its function, diseases, diagnosis method, and treatment for various diseases in adults. Clinical Nephrology mostly concerned about diseases in adults, and old people. Cystectomy is the surgical procedure to remove urinary bladder or to remove abnormal cyst. Recent advance in clinical nephrology is Warfarin-related Nephropathy which involves treating renal complications with anti coagulating agents.
- Track 1-1Ureteroscopy
- Track 1-2Cystectomy
- Track 1-3Warfarin - Related Nephropathy
- Track 1-4Urostomy
- Track 1-5Radical Nephrectomy
A person with Chronic kidney disorder loses the kidney function gradually and also have cardiovascular failure and premature death. It is most commonly caused by diabetes and high blood pressure. There are four different stages in Chronic Kidney Disorders. Eventually the patient with Chronic Kidney Disease have permanent kidney failure. It is important that people at high risk of developing kidney disease must have their kidney functions regularly checked. Early detection of CKD can significantly help prevent serious kidney damage. A person with End stage Kidney Disorder must undergo Dialysis or Kidney transplant to survive. In a recent study, it is proved that women with CKD will have menopause before age 45.
- Track 2-1End Stage Renal Failure
- Track 2-2Kidney Cysts
- Track 2-3Hypokalemia
- Track 2-4Azotemia
- Track 2-5Uremic Encephalopathy
- Track 2-6Uremia
- Track 2-7Pyelonephritis
- Track 2-8Acidosis
- Track 2-9 Leptospirosis Renal Disease
- Track 2-10Menopause with CKD
The kidney is also affected by genetic disorders like Polycystic Kidney Disease, Alport Syndrome which are generally called Hereditary Kidney Diseases. Some diseases are caused by the mutations in the gene. In some cases, a person may inherit a gene with a mutation that usually leads to a disease, but never get that disease. In these cases, either unrelated genes that a person inherits can protect from developing the disease, or else both the mutation in the gene and some environmental exposure are required to get the disease, and the person without the disease just never had that environmental exposure. In recent days Polycystic Overian Disease is found very common among women.
- Track 3-1Alport Syndrome
- Track 3-2Bartter Syndrome
- Track 3-3Cystic Diseases Of Kidney
- Track 3-4Horseshoe Kidney
- Track 3-5Medullary Sponge Kidney
- Track 3-6Medullary Cystic Kidney Disease
- Track 3-7 Tuberous Sclerosis
- Track 3-8Amyloidosis
Renal Replacement Therapy is a life saving treatment for the renal failure patients. Renal failure becomes more common in recent days because of food and day to day culture which is pushing scientists to bring up with more innovations. It replaces non endocrine kidney function in patients with renal failure. RRT does not correct the endocrine abnormalities of renal failure. The choice of technique depends on multiple factors, including the primary need underlying indication vascular access, hemodynamic stability, availability, local expertise, and patient preference and capability. A person with Acute Renal Failure requires renal replacement therapy (RRT) when he or she has an acute fall in glomerular filtration rate and has developed, or is at risk of developing clinically significant solute imbalance/toxicity or volume overload.
- Track 4-1Hemodialysis
- Track 4-2Peritoneal Dialysis
- Track 4-3Hemoperfusion
- Track 4-4Kidney Transplantation
- Track 4-5Hemodiafiltration
- Track 4-6Hemofiltration
- Track 4-7Slow Continuous Ultra filtration
Renal Cell Carcinoma is the most common type of kidney cancer often seen in adults. This affects the small tubes in kidney that helps to transport urine. The treatment for this removal of parts. RCC is caused by the tumor hormones and also by the body’s attack on tumor cells. There are generally four stages in RCC. It accounts for approximately 3% of adult malignancies and 90-95% of neoplasms arising from the kidney. Multilocular cystic is a rare tumor that affects the young children and adults which is proved in the survey. Renal Medullary Carcinoma is rare, aggressive and serious type of tumor which is difficult to diagnose and treat.
- Track 5-1Papillary RCC
- Track 5-2Clear Cell RCC
- Track 5-3Chromophobe RCC
- Track 5-4Multilocular Cystic RCC
- Track 5-5Medullary Carcinoma
- Track 5-6Neuroblastoma
- Track 5-7 Collecting Duct RCC
Certain diseases are known to trigger Glomerulonephritis and damage your kidney. Certain antibodies attack your kidney and lungs which disturbs the kidney functions and causes kidney failure gradually. An auto immune disease means the person’s immune system produces antibodies that attacks and destroy the healthy organs making them failure. For example, Lupus Nephritis occurs when auto antibodies form or are deposited in the glomeruli. Children with auto immune kidney disease are often so sick they will need intensive treatment for 3 to 6 months. When a person’s kidney delivers large amount of dilute, odorless kidney then that person can undergo the diagnosis for Diabetes Insipidus.
- Track 6-1Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
- Track 6-2Good pasture Syndrome
- Track 6-3IgA Nephropathy
- Track 6-4Lupus Nephritis
- Track 6-5Acquired Cystic Kidney Disease
- Track 6-6Diabetic Inspidus
During pregnancy, the uterus become large that compress the ureters. This change lead to the problem of draining urine from the kidney causing the urine to remain stagnant. As a result, the bacteria accumulates in the kidney rather than washing out. This causes infection. Usually, kidney disorders worsen only in pregnant women who have high blood pressure that is not well-controlled. Having a chronic kidney disorder before becoming pregnant increases the risk that the fetus will not grow as much as expected or be stillborn. Having a severe kidney disorder usually prevents women from carrying a baby to term.
- Track 7-1CKD and Pregnancy
- Track 7-2Lupus Nephritis and Pregnancy
- Track 7-3Diabetic Nephropathy and Pregnancy
- Track 7-4AKI and Pregnancy
Imaging is increasing its role in monitoring and diagnosing kidney disorders especially renal cell carcinoma. Size, location, margins, lesion homogeneity, and consistency, presence or absence of septations or mural nodules, presence or absence of calcification, intratumoral fat or central stellate scar, echogenicity on US, vascularity on Doppler, degree of enhancement on CT, phase of maximum enhancement on CT, signal characteristics on MRI, tumor stage, and presence or absence of tumor growth are the factors required for imaging. Multiplexed Fluorescence Microscopy is one of the advances in imaging of Renal Cell Carcinoma.
- Track 8-1Multiplexed Fluorescence Microscopy
- Track 8-2Label Free Non Destructive Microscopy
- Track 8-3Multiphoton Microscopy
- Track 8-4Genetic Cell Fate Tracking
- Track 8-5Calcium Signaling
- Track 8-6Multi- Detector- Row Computed Tomography
Benign tumors are not real cancers, though some of them can change into cancer any time. A major problem is they can be confused with real cancers since benign tumor often require no treatment. They often found by investigations through MRI scans, CT or by ultrasound. Benign kidney tumor never causes symptoms but difficult to distinguish from renal cell carcinoma. They are common in women of middle age or later. The tumors can eventually multiply in both the kidney and causes renal failure.
- Track 9-1Renal Adenoma
- Track 9-2Oncocytoma
- Track 9-3Angiomyolipoma
- Track 9-4Benign Simple Cyst
- Track 9-5Benign Minimally Complicated Cyst
- Track 9-6In-determinant Cyst
Glomerular disease can result from many inherited or acquired disorders and can manifest in a variety of ways, ranging in severity from asymptomatic urinary abnormalities to acute kidney injury (AKI) or end-stage renal disease. A kidney biopsy is often required to secure the underlying diagnosis in a patient with suspected Glomerular disease, particularly in patients with nephrotic syndrome or suspected Glomerulonephritis. Rarely, a biopsy cannot be performed or is not needed to secure a diagnosis.
- Track 10-1Glomerulonephritis
- Track 10-2Glomerulosclerosis
- Track 10-3Focal Segmental Glomerulosclerosis
- Track 10-4Glomerulopathy
- Track 10-5Minimal Change Disease
- Track 10-6Membranous Glomerulonephritis
- Track 10-7HIV Associated Nephropathy
- Track 10-8Membranoproliferative Glomerulonephritis
- Track 10-9Rapidly Progressive Glomerulonephritis
- Track 10-10Mesangial Proliferative Glomerulonephritis
Acute Kidney Injury is the sudden failure of kidney or kidney damage that happens in few days or weeks. AKI causes a build-up of waste products in your blood and makes it hard for kidneys to keep the right balance of fluid in body. Most cases of AKI are caused by reduced blood flow to the kidneys, usually in the person who is already unwell with another health condition. The most common cause is dehydration and sepsis combined with nephrotoxic drugs, especially following surgery or contrast agents. The causes of acute kidney injury are commonly categorized into pre renal injury, intrinsic, and post renal injury. Many advances have been made in Phenotyping for AKI.
- Track 11-1Phenotyping of AKI
- Track 11-2Acute Tubular Necrosis
- Track 11-3 Morbid Obesity
- Track 11-4Acute Leptospirosis
- Track 11-5Early RRT for AKI
- Track 11-6Early RRT for AKI
- Track 11-7Late RRT for AKI
Congenital Renal Anomalies identified in the prenatal period. Defects can be bilateral or unilateral, and different defects often coexist in an individual child. It play a causative role in 30 to 50 percent of cases of end-stage renal disease in children, it is important to diagnose these anomalies and initiate therapy to minimize renal damage, prevent or delay the onset of End Stage Renal Disorders, and provide supportive care to avoid complications of End Stage Renal Disorders. Patients with malformations involving a reduction in kidney numbers or size are most likely to have a poor renal prognosis.
- Track 12-1Renal Agenesis
- Track 12-2Renal Dysgenesis
- Track 12-3Congenital Megacalyectasis
- Track 12-4Congenital Cystic Renal Disease
- Track 12-5Obstructive Renal Disease
- Track 12-6Pre-tumourous Conditions
- Track 12-7Persistent Fetal Lobulation
Developmental anomalies of the kidneys and ureters are numerous and not only potentially render image interpretation confusing but also, in many instances, make the kidneys more prone to pathology. Some may have numerous kidneys and some have pancake like shaped kidneys. Those with Bilateral Renal Agenesis often have additional birth defects, both associated with, and a result of the absence of kidneys. With no kidneys, the fetus is unable to produce urine, which is necessary to form amniotic fluid resulting anhydromnios.
- Track 13-1Supernumerary Kidney
- Track 13-2Cross Fused Renal Ectopia
- Track 13-3Pancake Kidney
- Track 13-4Pancake Kidney
- Track 13-5Abnormal Renal Rotation
- Track 13-6 Intrathoracic Kidney
- Track 13-7Hilar Lip
- Track 13-8Deomedary Hump
- Track 13-9Bifid Collecting System
- Track 13-10Retrocaval Ureter
When kidneys fail, treatment is needed to replace the work of kidneys can no longer do. When you get a kidney transplant, a healthy kidney is placed inside body to do the work of kidneys can no longer do. There are fewer limits on what you can eat and drink, but you should follow a heart-healthy diet. Your health and energy should improve. In fact, a successful kidney transplant may allow you to live the kind of life you were living before you got kidney disease. Studies show that people with kidney transplants live longer than those who remain on dialysis. Decesed donor kidneys and living donor kidneys can be used for transplantation. Bio Artificial Transferable Kidneys are the new artificial kidney discovered which made revolution in kidney transplantation.
- Track 14-1Pediatric Renal Transplantation
- Track 14-2Deceased Donor
- Track 14-3Living Donor
- Track 14-4Pre- Emptive Kidney
Kidney function tests look for the level of waste products, such as creatinine and urea, in blood. Analyzing a sample of urine may reveal abnormalities that point to chronic kidney failure and help identify the cause of chronic kidney disease. Kidney biopsy is often done with local anesthesia using a long, thin needle that's inserted through your skin and into your kidney. The biopsy sample is sent to a lab for testing to help determine what's causing your kidney problem. Ultrasound is used to assess your kidneys' structure and size. Diagnosis method vary for different conditions.
- Track 15-1GFR(Glomerular Filtration Rate)
- Track 15-2Ultrasound Scanning
- Track 15-3MR Angiography
- Track 15-4Renal Biopsy
- Track 15-5Intravenous Urography
- Track 15-6Scintigraphy
- Track 15-7Renal Arteriography
Nephrology and hypertension involves the diagnosis and the treatment of all kinds of diseases that are related to the kidney. This field of medical science contains everything starting from the outpatient care to the kidney transplantation and at the same time management of hypertension or high blood pressure. There are several patients across the globe who suffer from kidney diseases and infection of the urinary tract that is caused due to hypertension, diabetes, drugs and cancer. Several of these patients have chances of kidney failure and requires kidney transplantation or dialysis. All these treatments are covered under the scope of nephrology.
- Track 16-1Calcium phosphate Magnesium
- Track 16-2Bone Disorders
- Track 16-3Fluid and Electrolytes
- Track 16-4Urinary Tract Infection
Successful kidney transplantation offers the best possible quality of life for patients with end stage renal disease. Despite this, the successful renal transplantation rates in the developing world are considerably lower than in the developed world. When identified reasons for this include lack of awareness, low education levels, lack of a clear national policy, absence of functional dialysis and transplant units with adequately trained staff, and absence of an organized system of organ retrieval from deceased donors and lack of opportunities to fund long-term immunosuppression. Some of Challenges include Acute Rejection, Graft Loss, Graft Survival.
- Track 17-1Acute Rejection
- Track 17-2Graft Loss
- Track 17-3Chronic Allograft Nephropathy
- Track 17-4Graft Survival
- Track 17-5Cost Reduction