Pregnancy includes exceptional orchestration of physiologic modifications. The kidneys are critical gamer’s with inside the evolving hormonal milieu of being pregnant, responding and contributing to the modifications with inside the surroundings for the pregnant lady and fetus. The useful effect of being pregnant on kidney body structure is widespread, concerning nearly all factors of kidney function. The increased blood volume and flow rate during pregnancy cause a 50-60% increase in renal blood flow and glomerular filtration rate (GFR). This causes an increased excretion and reduced blood levels of urea, creatinine, and bicarbonate.2-10% of ladies have asymptomatic bacteria in pregnancy and if untreated up to 30% may develop pyelonephritis.

  • Track 1-1 Sever infection
  • Track 2-2 Anemia
  • Track 3-3 Longterm infection
  • Track 4-4 Changes in tubular function
  • Track 5-5 Hormonal effect on renal function

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