Kidney stones

Kidney stones (sometimes referred to as renal calculi, nephrolithiasis, or urolithiasis) are mineral and salt deposits that form within your kidneys.

Diet, excess body weight, certain medical problems, and certain supplements and medicines are all potential causes of kidney stones. Kidney stones can cause problems in any part of the urinary tract, including the kidneys and bladder. Stones form when urine becomes concentrated, allowing minerals to crystallise and bind together.

Kidney stones form when your urine contains more crystal-forming substances, such as calcium, oxalate, and uric acid, than the fluid in your urine can dilute. At the same time, your urine may be deficient in chemicals that prevent crystals from sticking together, creating an ideal environment for kidney stones to form.

Related Conference of Nephrology