Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)

When the prostate and surrounding tissue enlarge, this is known as benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). As a man matures, his prostate goes through two major growth stages. The first is when the prostate doubles in size throughout puberty. The second begins at the age of 25 and lasts for the rest of a man's life. Your prostate may enlarge as you age. BPH is when the prostate becomes big enough to create complications.

In mature males, the prostate is generally the size of a walnut or golf ball, although it can develop to be the size of an orange. As the gland grows in size, it might pinch the urethra. The bladder's wall thickens. The bladder may weaken and lose its capacity to drain completely over time. Urine is thus trapped in the bladder. Many of the lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) of BPH are caused by these issues. If you are unable to pass urine at all (called retention) or have renal failure, you must seek emergency medical assistance. Other signs, such as a weak urine stream or the need to push or strain, may also be observed.

BPH is a harmless condition. This signifies it is not cancer and does not cause cancer. Still, BPH and cancer can occur together. BPH may not require treatment in and of itself, but if symptoms develop, medication may be beneficial. It's also useful to know that BPH is rather frequent. BPH affects around half of all males between the ages of 51 and 60. It affects up to 90% of males over the age of 80.

Related Conference of Nephrology