Track Categories

The track category is the heading under which your abstract will be reviewed and later published in the conference printed matters if accepted. During the submission process, you will be asked to select one track category for your abstract.

Diabetic nephropathy is a progressive kidney disease caused by damage to the capillaries in the kidneys' glomeruli. It is characterized by nephrotic syndrome and diffuse scarring of the glomeruli. It is due to longstanding diabetes mellitus, and is a prime reason for dialysis in many developed countries. It is classified as a small blood vessel complication of diabetes. The cause of diabetic nephropathy is not well understood, but it is thought that high blood sugar, advanced glycation end product formation, and cytokines may be involved in the development of diabetic nephropathy. Kidney damage is likely if one or more of the following is present Poor control of blood glucose, High blood pressure, Type 2 diabetes mellitus (after age 30), History of cigarette smoking

  • Track 1-1Glycemic control
  • Track 1-2Diabetic Ketoacidosis
  • Track 1-3Nephropathology
  • Track 1-4HIV associated Nephropathy
  • Track 1-5Uric acid nephropathy
  • Track 1-6Diabetes

Pediatric Nephrology is a specialization in the diagnosis and management of children with different types of acute and chronic kidney-related diseases. The division assesses and treats hypertension, proteinuria, hematuria, renal tubular acidosis, glomerulonephritis, nephrolithiasis, and kidney disorders. Various kidney diseases like pediatric nephritis is clinically and hereditarily heterogeneous substance portrayed by backsliding, and interminable course with noteworthy dreariness and mortality coming about because of intricacies of the sickness itself, and its treatment.

  • Track 2-1Enuresis
  • Track 2-2Pediatric renal failure
  • Track 2-3Advances in kindey operation
  • Track 2-4Diagnostic Techniques

Urology is also known as genitourinary surgery, is the branch of medicine that focuses on surgical and medical diseases of the male and female urinary tract system and the male reproductive organs. The organs under the domain of urology include the kidneys, adrenal glands, ureters, urinary bladder, urethra, and the male reproductive organs i.e. testes, epididymis, vas deferens, seminal vesicles, prostate, and penis. The urinary and reproductive tracts are closely linked, and disorders of one often affect the other. Thus, a major spectrum of the conditions managed in urology exists under the domain of genitourinary disorders. Urology combines the management of medical (i.e., non-surgical) conditions, such as urinary tract infections and benign prostatic hyperplasia, with the management of surgical conditions such as bladder or prostate cancer, kidney stones, congenital abnormalities, traumatic injury, and stress incontinence.

  • Track 3-1Benign Prostate hypretrophy
  • Track 3-2Simple Prostatectomy
  • Track 3-3Phimosis
  • Track 3-4Neonatal hydronephrosis
  • Track 3-5Obstruction of pelviureteric junciton
  • Track 3-6Urogynecology
  • Track 3-7Episadias
  • Track 3-8Urologic oncology

Depending on the underlying cause, some types of kidney disease can be treated. Often, though, chronic kidney disease has no cure. In general, treatment consists of measures to help control signs and symptoms, reduce complications, and slow progression of the disease. If your kidneys become severely damaged, you may need treatment for end-stage kidney disease. There are four types of medicine that can help people with CKD: Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs), Angiotensin II receptor blockers/antagonists (ARBs), Beta-blockers, Statins. ACEIs, ARBs, and beta blockers-blockers are all types of medicine used to lower blood pressure, but they work in different ways. ACEIs and ARBs may slow kidney damage even in people who do not have high blood pressure. Statins are a type of medicine used to lower cholesterol. Although medicine cannot reverse chronic kidney disease, it is often used to help treat symptoms and complications and to slow further kidney damage. Most people who have chronic kidney disease have problems with high blood pressure at some time during their disease. Medicines that lower blood pressure help to keep it in a target range and stop any more kidney damage. Common blood pressure medicines include: ACE inhibitors, Angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs), Beta-blockers, Calcium channel blockers.

  • Track 4-1ACE Inhibitors
  • Track 4-2Vasodilator
  • Track 4-3Diuretics
  • Track 4-4Beta-Blockers
  • Track 4-5Calcium channel blockers
  • Track 4-6Herbal drugs and Renal Failure Medications

Nephrotic syndrome is a syndrome comprising signs of nephrosis, chiefly proteinuria, hypoalbuminemia, and edema. It is a component of glomerulonephrosis, in which different degrees of proteinuria occur. Essentially, loss of protein through the kidneys (proteinuria) leads to low protein levels in the blood (hypoproteinemia including hypoalbuminemia), which causes water to be drawn into soft tissues. Severe hypoalbuminemia can also cause a variety of secondary problems, such as water in the abdominal cavity around the heart or lung, high cholesterol (hence hyperlipidemia), loss of molecules regulating coagulation (hence increased risk of thrombosis). Kidney failure, also known as renal failure or renal insufficiency, is a medical condition of impaired kidney function in which the kidneys fail to adequately filter metabolic wastes from the blood. The two main forms are acute kidney injury, which is often reversible with adequate treatment, and chronic kidney disease, which is often not reversible. In both cases, there is usually an underlying cause. Kidney failure is mainly determined by a decrease in glomerular filtration rate, which is the rate at which blood is filtered in the glomeruli of the kidney. The condition is detected by a decrease in or absence of urine production or determination of waste products (creatinine or urea) in the blood. Depending on the cause, hematuria (blood loss in the urine) and proteinuria (protein loss in the urine) may be noted.

  • Track 5-1Nephrotic syndrome, Nephritis and Hydronephrosis
  • Track 5-2Cardiorenal Syndrome, Hepatorenal Syndrome
  • Track 5-3Nephrotic Syndrome in Children
  • Track 5-4Anemia in Chronic Renal Failure
  • Track 5-5Renal Pathology, Renal physiology

Glomerular and tubulointerstitial Disorders are grouped into those causing the nephrotic syndrome, the acute nephritic syndrome and rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis (RPGN), and chronic tubulointerstitial disease. The compartment of tubulointerstitial is damaged in all the forms of kidney disease. As per the time of examination and the intensity of the lesions, in vascular diseases and glomerular we can identify tubular damage in glomerular, interstitial inflammation, tubular atrophy, fibrosis or edema. Tubular or acute interstitial damage can lead acute kidney failure, and prolonged changes are a best investigation of irreversible lesions and then they are great anticipation variables in vascular /glomerular diseases.

  • Track 6-1Chronic Infectious Tin
  • Track 6-2Specific Renal Infections
  • Track 6-3Xanthogranulomatous Pyelonephritis
  • Track 6-4Acute Interstitial Nephritis Associated to Drugs
  • Track 6-5Acute Tubular Necrosis
  • Track 6-6Other Tubular Changes

The kidneys are bean-formed organs that assistance during the time spent filtration expelling waste items from blood. They are additionally required in managing circulatory strain, electrolyte adjust, and red platelet generation in the body. Kidneys are even in charge of the reabsorption of glucose, water, amino acids. Other than these kidneys assume a noteworthy part in the evacuation of water-dissolvable squanders which are occupied to the bladder.

Kidneys play out an essential part, which incorporates filtration and discharge of metabolic waste items like urea and ammonium, keep up of electrolytes adjust, liquid, and corrosive base adjust; furthermore for red platelet generation. They additionally essential for direct pulse through renin-angiotensin-aldosterone framework, by controlling reabsorption of water they keeping up intravascular circulatory volume.

The kidneys reabsorb amino acids and glucose and have hormonal capacities through the erythropoietin, vitamin D enactment and calcitriol.The matched retroperitoneal organs (kidneys) lie behind the peritoneum at the level of the T12 to L3 vertebral bodies at a slanted point. Kidneys have a stringy container, which is secured by pararenal fat. Kidney itself can be separated into renal parenchyma, which is a combination of renal cortex and medulla, and renal sinus which contains renal pelvis, calyces, renal vessels, nerves, lymphatic and perirenal fat. Cortex and medulla are the two layers of renal parenchyma. Renal medulla comprises of 10-14 renal pyramids and the renal cortex lies incidentally under the case, these are isolated from each other by renal cortex named renal sections.

  • Track 7-1kindey faliure
  • Track 7-2Kinder trauma
  • Track 7-3Polycystic kidney disease
  • Track 7-4Kidney disfunction
  • Track 7-5Glomerulonephritis 
  • Track 7-6Rickets
  • Track 7-7Kidney Stones

Kidney transplantation is the procedure that places a sound kidney from someone else into your body. This one new kidney assumes control over the work of your two fizzled kidneys. Kidney transplantation or renal transplantation is the organ transplant of a kidney into a patient with end-organize renal malady.Treating hypertension with unique medicines called angiotensin changing over compound (ACE) inhibitors regularly moderates the movement of interminable kidney ailment.  Shockingly, the correct reasons for some kidney sicknesses are still obscure, and particular medicines are not yet accessible for them. Now and again, unending kidney illness may advance to kidney disappointment, requiring dialysis or kidney transplantation. A lot of research is being done to discover more compelling treatment for all conditions that can bring about incessant kidney infection.Kidney stones and urinary tract contaminations can for the most part be dealt with effectively.

  • Track 8-1Advanges and disadvantages in kidney transplantation
  • Track 8-2Transplantation techniques
  • Track 8-3Pregency after transplation
  • Track 8-4Infections and renal diseases
  • Track 8-5Stem cell transplantation
  • Track 8-6Cardiovascular complications

The Main point of this study were to evaluate the clinical utility of aggregate and local bone densitometry in an extensive persistent walking peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) populace and to decide the clinical, biochemical, and radiographic factors that best recognized osteopenic CAPD patients. Patients who are living longer may get contaminations that stimulate never-ending kidney illnesses, which routinely stay undetected until patients are resisted with the sudden prerequisite for dialysis. In polycystic kidney malady number of blisters creates in the kidney, these sores step by step supplant the mass of kidney. Hindering kidney capacity and prompting to renal disappointment. Geriatric nephrology is a creating subspecialty of old patients.

In this general survey, we look at there are a few sorts of intense nephritis. They are Interstitial Nephritis: The spaces between the renal tubules that shape pee get to be aroused. Pyelonephritis: This sort of intense nephritis produces aggravation in the glomeruli. Interstitial Nephritis: This sort is frequently created by an unfavorably susceptible response to a medicine or anti-infection. Some renal infections like Polycystic Kidney Disease (PKD) are result from innate variables. The symptomatic and prognostic legitimacy of sperm capacity biomarkers is especially important for guys with unexplained barrenness in which routine semen investigation neglects to recognize sub cell sperm dysfunctions.

  • Track 9-1Cardiovascular diseases in patients
  • Track 9-2Vesicoureteral Reflux
  • Track 9-3Immunopsupression
  • Track 9-4Disorders of urination
  • Track 9-5Disorders of urination
  • Track 9-6Inherited Kidney Diseases
  • Track 9-7Obstruction of the urinary track
  • Track 9-8Renal Cystic Diseases

Dialysis is a way of cleaning the blood with artificial kidneys. There is of types of dialysis they are:

1. Hemodialysis  

2. Peritoneal dialysis.

Hemodialysis, also spelled hemodialysis, commonly called kidney dialysis or simply dialysis, is a process of purifying the blood of a person whose kidneys are not working normally. This type of dialysis achieves the extracorporeal removal of waste products such as creatinine and urea and free water from the blood when the kidneys are in a state of kidney failure. Hemodialysis is one of three renal replacement therapies (the other two being kidney transplant and peritoneal dialysis). An alternative method for extracorporeal separation of blood components such as plasma or cells is apheresis.

Peritoneal dialysis is a type of dialysis that uses the peritoneum in a person's abdomen as the membrane through which fluid and dissolved substances are exchanged with the blood. It is used to remove excess fluid, correct electrolyte problems, and removed toxins in those with kidney failure.

  • Track 10-1Screening test
  • Track 10-2Haemodialysis
  • Track 10-3Peritoneal dialysis
  • Track 10-4Complications of dialysis
  • Track 10-5Bone and Mineral Metabolism


Nephrology Nursing is an arranged endeavor to build nursing learning by the disclosure of new realities through efficient enquiry. It incorporates: Improvement in patient care, Reduced cost of kidney careprovision, Accountability and assurance against case, Addition to the current assemblage of nursing learning, Enhancement of nursing as a calling. . Newborn children who require raised remedial thought are routinely surrendered into a one of a kind locale of the facility called the Neonatal genuine care and nursing thought. The piece of sponsorship in segregating nursing thought: Critical thought medicinal chaperons work in a wide collection of settings, filling various parts including bedside clinicians, specialist educators, therapeutic guardian experts, restorative overseer chiefs, clinical medicinal guardian powers and medicinal orderly experts. Nephrology Nursing is the field of nursing with an emphasis on the most outrageous thought of the discriminatingly debilitated or insecure endless kidney patients. Defilement revultion and nursing thought is the control worried with dismissing nosocomial or wellbeing mindfulness related illness, an utilitarian (instead of academic) sub-request of the investigation of sickness transmissionMeasurements of Renal Care Nursing's central goal is to give specialists correct, current, and material information and cabin to surpass desires in separating thought practice.

The part of kidneys is to look after liquid, corrosive base adjust and electrolytes in our body, these capacities are hindered by numerous infection conditions and also meds and poisons. Kidneys are essential for survival with their substantial system of veins and fine system of tubes and tubules that channel blood discharge overabundance water and waste items. The cystic illnesses of kidney where expansive blisters or liquid filled sacs are produced inside the kidney decrease its capacities; this is an acquired and intrinsic or hereditary condition. Glomerular illnesses that influence the smaller scale sifting frameworks of the kidneys named as the glomerulus, variations from the norm pee like abundance loss of protein, sugar, throws, and blood gems through the pee. Tubulointerstitial ailments influence the tubules of the kidneys, renal vascular sicknesses influencing the systems of veins inside the kidneys, kidney disappointment that can be either sudden, intense or long haul or incessant, renal and bladder stones, contaminations of kidney, kidney malignancy, urethra, and bladder, Effects of infections, for example, diabetes and hypertension on kidneys, uneven characters of corrosive base, Nephrotic disorder and nephritis, Ill impacts of medications and poisons on the renal framework, The long haul entanglements of dialysis-dialysis incorporates peritoneal dialysis and in addition hemodialysis, The immune system ailments like lupus, immune system vasculitis, and so on.

A dietary supplement is intended to provide nutrients that may otherwise not be consumed in sufficient quantities. Supplements as generally understood include vitamins, minerals, fiber, fatty acids, or amino acids, among other substances. U.S. authorities define dietary supplements as foods, while elsewhere they may be classified as drugs or other products. The application of nutrition science in the promotion of health, peak performance and individual care. Registered Nutritional Therapists use a wide range of tools to assess and identify potential nutritional imbalances and understand how these may contribute to an individual’s symptoms and health concerns. This approach allows them to work with individuals to address nutritional balance and help support the body towards maintaining health. Nutritional Therapy is recognized as a complementary medicine and is relevant for individuals with chronic conditions, as well as those looking for support to enhance their health and wellbeing.

  • Track 13-1Diet With Kidney Failure
  • Track 13-2Renal Dietitians
  • Track 13-3Renal Supplements
  • Track 13-4Chronic Kidney Disease Diet
  • Track 13-5Nutrition Therapy
  • Track 13-6Low Protein Diet

The kidneys expect a vital part in keeping up sound bone mass and structure by altering phosphorus and calcium levels in the blood. Sound kidneys impel a kind of vitamin D that a man uses in sustenance, changing it into calcitriol, the dynamic sort of the vitamin. We can see mineral and bone issue in patients with ceaseless kidney infections, Calcium and phosphorus levels in patient's blood to be out of money owed to lopsidedness of hormones. This prompts to kidney disappointment and dialysis. Calcitriol helps the kidneys keep up blood calcium levels and advances the course of action of bone. The kidneys in like manner oust extra phosphorus, altering levels of phosphorus and calcium in the blood. Keep up the most ideal level of phosphorus in the blood keeps solid bones.The mineral and bone digestion system issue (MBD) are regular in patients with constant kidney sickness. Traditionally, these scatters all in all called as renal osteodystrophy.

  • Track 14-1Reflux nephropathy
  • Track 14-2Renal osteodystrophy 
  • Track 14-3Hemolytic Uremic syndrome
  • Track 14-4Nephrolithasis
  • Track 14-5Acute kindey injury
  • Track 14-6Chronic and Acute renal disease

Bladder stones are the hard masses of minerals in the bladder. Bladder stones make when pee in your bladder gets the opportunity to be concentrated, realizing minerals in your pee to come to fruition. Concentrated, stagnant pee is consistently the delayed consequence of not having the ability to thoroughly deplete your bladder. Renal or bladder stones are the precious stones of, for example, calcium, oxalate and uric corrosive. On the off chance that a kidney stone deters in urethra or the ureter, cause hematuria (blood in the pee), consistent and serious torment in the back or side, fever, regurgitating, or chills. In case bladder stones are adequately little, they can run isolated with no recognizable signs. Regardless, once they get the opportunity to be greater, bladder stones can achieve unending slants to urinate, agonizing or troublesome pee and hematuria. Nephrolithiasis (Kidney stones): Minerals in pee shape stones, which may construct sufficiently huge to square stream of pee. Most kidney stones go through pee all alone yet some kidney stones are too vast they can't pass and ought to be dealt with.

The stages of kidney disease are determined by the glomerular filtration rate. Glomerular filtration is the process by which the kidneys filter the blood, removing excess wastes and fluids. Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) is a calculation that determines how well the blood is filtered by the kidneys. It is one way to measure kidney types.

Acute kidney disease is the sudden loss of kidney function that occurs when high levels of waste products of the body's metabolism accumulate in the blood. Pediatric Kidney Disease can affect children in various ways, ranging from treatable disorders without long-term consequences to life-threatening conditions. Hypertension Uncontrolled hypertension can damage many organs in the body including kidneys. Chronic Kidney Disease is a gradual development of permanent kidney disease that worsens over a number of years. Polycystic Kidney Disease is characterized by the growth of numerous kidney cysts, which cause abnormalities in both the kidney structure and function. People who have experienced acute kidney injury may have high incidence of chronic kidney disease in the future. Controlling measures includes treatment of the root cause and supportive care, such as kidney transplantation. Acute renal failure (ARF), previously called acute kidney injury (AKI), is a sudden and unexpected loss of kidney function that develops within a week. Acute renal failure (formerly known as acute kidney injury) is a disease distinguished by the acute loss of the kidney's eliminatory function and is commonly diagnosed through the accumulation of urea and creatinine or reduced urine output, or both. Acute kidney injury may lead to a number of kidney problems, including high potassium levels, metabolic acidosis, changes in body fluid balance, uremia, also effects on other body systems ultimately leads to death.

End-stage renal disease also termed as chronic kidney diseases (CKD) comprise conditions that damage kidneys and impair their ability to keep you hygienic by abnormal function. On condition kidney disease gets worse; wastes can accumulate to high levels in your blood and make you feel ill. You may develop issues like anemia, high blood pressure, weak bones, nerve damage and poor nutritional health. Also, kidney disease elevates your risk of having coronary disease and heart problems.