Track Categories

The track category is the heading under which your abstract will be reviewed and later published in the conference printed matters if accepted. During the submission process, you will be asked to select one track category for your abstract.

The study about normal kidney function, kidney problems, treatments, transplantation therapy, including dialysis is termed as clinical nephrology. Clinical nephrology is treating and diagnosing kidney disease by using advance technology and devises. Clinical nephrology engages with the etiologic of disease, pathophysiology, and diagnosis of disease, sign and symptoms, and treatment of kidney.

  • Track 1-1Acute kidney failure
  • Track 1-2Kidney transplant
  • Track 1-3Diagnosis of renal disease
  • Track 1-4Nephrology
  • Track 1-5Kidney Disorder

A certain condition of urinary system is treated by urologist but there are some specific to urology. Urologist should focus on anatomical and structural problems of urinary organs such as urethra, penis, testis, posture. The pediatric urology deals with the problems of genitourinary system of children. This system made up of kidney, ureters, urinary bladder, urethra as well as genitolia in boys and girls. The pediatic urologist manages the problems of foreskin problems, problems of penis, duplex kidney.

  • Track 2-1Structural problem of urinary track
  • Track 2-2Condition of male reproductive organs
  • Track 2-3Ureter condition
  • Track 2-4Anatomical kidney effect

In medication, a case document is a factor through factor document of the manifestations, signs, analysis, treatment, and follow-up of a man or woman patient. Case reviews might also additionally comprise a section profile of the patient, but for the maximum component painting a shocking or novel event. Some case reviews likewise comprise a writing audit of different found out cases. The case study of urinary system is based on the etiology of urinary track and kidney disease, bacterial contamination of urinary track, diagnosis and management of kidney disease including its disordered and renal cancer.

  • Track 3-1Kidney cancer
  • Track 3-2Ureter disorder
  • Track 3-3Urinary track contamination
  • Track 3-4Renal dialysis
  • Track 3-5Chronic renal faliure

Dialysis is considered as a blood purifying technique. It is a process of removing waste product and fluid from the blood and purifies it when the kidneys stop working properly. There are three most important forms of dialysis: in-centre haemodialysis, domestic haemodialysis, and peritoneal dialysis. Each kind has professionals and cons. If you pick a form of dialysis, you continually have the choice to change, so that you do not need to feel "locked in" to someone form of dialysis. Average lifestyles expectancy on dialysis is 5-10 years; however, many sufferers have lived nicely on dialysis for 20 or maybe 30 years

  • Track 4-1Kidney performance
  • Track 4-2Kidney infection
  • Track 4-3End stage renal illness
  • Track 4-4Haemo dialysis
  • Track 4-5Domestic hemodialysis

Viruses, such as covid-19, continuously extrude thru mutation, inclusive of the delta and omicron variations, and new covid-19 variations are anticipated to keep occurring. People dwelling with kidney ailment at any level and kidney transplant recipients might not have as an awful lot of safety in opposition to covid-19, although they're absolutely vaccinated. People with kidney sickness and different intense persistent clinical situations are at better hazard for greater intense illness. People on dialysis may have weaker immune systems, making it tougher to combat infections. However, it's far crucial to recognise that kidney sufferers want to keep with their often-scheduled dialysis remedies and to take vital precautions as advocated via way of means of their healthcare team.

  • Track 5-1Chronic kidney disease
  • Track 5-2Adrenal problem
  • Track 5-3Kidney damage
  • Track 5-4Anatomical kidney condition
  • Track 5-5Acute kidney injure

Kidney transplantation is a surgical organ transplantation filled to replace the affected kidney from donors with a healthy kidney. The kidney transplantation is two type deceased donor and living donor kidney transplantation. This statistic suggests the common quantity charged for sub-processes that make up a kidney transplant within side the year 2020. The overall value for kidney transplants averaged round 442,500 U.S. greenbacks in 2020. Turkey gets the first rank for over all living donor transplantation rate (53.02 per million populations).

  • Track 6-1Leakage of ureter
  • Track 6-2Failure of damage kidney
  • Track 6-3Rejection of donor kidney
  • Track 6-4Blockage of ureter

Renal syndrome can define a condition in which kidney stop working and a group of symptoms happen together.  These illnesses purpose leakage of proteins, the maximum critical of that's albumin, from the blood circulate into the urine. These consequences in decreased degrees of albumin within side the blood circulate and swelling of the ankles and on occasion different elements of the frame called edema in addition to the elevated degree of albumin within side the urine. Nephrotic syndrome in adults is rare (it results about 1 man or woman consistent with 30,000 human beings consistent with year) however it's miles a critical form of kidney hassle and there are numerous human beings with nephritic syndrome visible in kidney outpatient clinics 

  • Track 7-1Nephropathy syndrome
  • Track 7-2Cardio renal syndrome
  • Track 7-3Acute renal failure

The hard deposit that made up of salts and minerals form in kidney is called as kidney stone. In this condition needed to drink more water to remove or pass the stone, medical procedure should be need for removing or breaking the large stone. The kidney stone market outlook document highlighted that the primary purpose at the back of the forming stones within side the urethra (urinary tract), the kidney, and bladder is urolithiasis. If the ache within side the mid-region, groin, or flank, and the blood within side the urine are observed, then the primary purpose at the back of this is kidney stones. These kidney stones are typically observed amongst 1 out of 20 people that may arise at early or later age. Among the age of 60 or older, kidney disorder is majorly observed and has foremost danger elements because of include diabetes, excessive blood pressure, and a records of kidney failure in the own circle of relatives member. The national kidney foundation document cited that 29 million adults have excessive diabetes and extra than seventy three million adults have excessive blood pressure that is the foremost motive of urolithiasis.

  • Track 8-1Renal calculi
  • Track 8-2Nephrolithiasis
  • Track 8-3Urolithiasis
  • Track 8-4Renal infection

Kidneys that incorporate cysts (fluid-crammed sacs) or are blocked might also additionally result in any form of hematuria. An ultrasound of the kidney can decide if a strange shape is inflicting blood within side the urine. Several distinctive sicknesses that run in households can purpose hematuria. Hematuria is the condition that crimson blood cells are within side the urine. Urine does now no longer typically incorporate crimson blood cells. The filters within side the kidney save you blood from coming into the urine. When you've got hematuria, the filters within side the kidneys or different components of the urinary tract (the kidneys, ureter, and bladder that paintings collectively to get rid of wastes) permit blood to leak into the urine. There are kinds of hematuria; microscopic or gross hematuria. Microscopic hematuria method that the blood can simplest is visible with a microscope. Gross hematuria method the urine seems crimson or the colour of tea or cola to the bare eye.

  • Track 9-1Gross hematuria
  • Track 9-2Microscopic hematuria
  • Track 9-3Poly cystic kidney disease
  • Track 9-4Idiopathic hematuria

UTI is urinary tract contamination. At a few factor to your life, you can have both treated it or recognized a person going via it. UTIs are resulting from micro-organism that input your urethra; normally called decrease urinary tract infection or cystitis, microorganism coming into your kidney are called higher urinary tract infection. If left untreated, it's far an excessive circumstance that statistically impacts 50 - 60% of grownup girls at the least as soon as of their lifetime.

  • Track 10-1Urine infection
  • Track 10-2Urinary bladder problem
  • Track 10-3Reproductive organ disorder
  • Track 10-4Alport syndrome

If you've got a long-time period circumstance that might result in chronic kidney disease consisting of diabetes or excessive blood pressure, it`s crucial that is controlled carefully. Follow the recommendation of your nephrologist or urologist, take any medicinal drug you`re prescribed and preserve all appointments regarding your circumstance.

  • Track 11-1Effect of smoking on kidney
  • Track 11-2Eat a heart healthy diet
  • Track 11-3Alcohol intake management
  • Track 11-4Maintain blood pressure
  • Track 11-5Reduce salt intake

Pregnancy includes exceptional orchestration of physiologic modifications. The kidneys are critical gamer’s with inside the evolving hormonal milieu of being pregnant, responding and contributing to the modifications with inside the surroundings for the pregnant lady and fetus. The useful effect of being pregnant on kidney body structure is widespread, concerning nearly all factors of kidney function. The increased blood volume and flow rate during pregnancy cause a 50-60% increase in renal blood flow and glomerular filtration rate (GFR). This causes an increased excretion and reduced blood levels of urea, creatinine, and bicarbonate.2-10% of ladies have asymptomatic bacteria in pregnancy and if untreated up to 30% may develop pyelonephritis.

  • Track 12-1Sever infection
  • Track 12-2Anemia
  • Track 12-3Longterm infection
  • Track 12-4Changes in tubular function
  • Track 12-5Hormonal effect on renal function

Diabetic nephropathy consequences at the same time as diabetes damages blood vessels and distinct cells in your kidneys.  Diabetic nephropathy causes over time, poorly controlled diabetes can cause damage to blood vessel clusters in your kidneys that clean out waste from your blood. According to the information 126 million people were affected by diabetic nephropathy in 2010, more than 191million people likely to be effected by diabetic nephropathy by can increase in any effected person formed type 1 and type 2 diabetic. This is the main cause of kidney failure.

  • Track 13-1Diabetic retinopathy
  • Track 13-2Nephropathy syndrome
  • Track 13-3Glomerulo nephritis
  • Track 13-4End stage kidney disease
  • Track 13-5Hyperglycaemia

Renal cell cancer is a disease when malignant cells are found in lining of tubules in the kidney. Renal cell cancer is started in uterus or renal pelvis. The kidney cancer cases are 4.5 per 100000 in 2018. The 5 important international locations contributing to the world most cancers instances are china, the United States, Russia, Germany, and japan. These nations are discovered to have the best instances of kidney most cancers worldwide. The growing kidney most cancers instances globally is anticipated to enlarge the demand for diagnostic strategies for early-stage therapy worldwide. Kidney and renal pelvis most cancers characterize 4.2% of all new most cancers instances in the United States. It was once estimated that there have been round 14,770 deaths in 2019, owing to kidney and renal pelvis cancer. Currently, there are quite number cures choices on hand and many capsules are in pipeline too, which are predicted to pressure the kidney most cancers therapeutics and diagnostics market in the course of the forecast period.

  • Track 14-1Renal adenocarcinoma
  • Track 14-2Renal tumor
  • Track 14-3Nephrotoxicity
  • Track 14-4Hypercalcemia
  • Track 14-5Renal complication of neoplasms

A diuretic is any substance that promotes diuresis, the improved manufacturing of urine. This consists of pressured diuresis. A diuretic pill is on occasion colloquially referred to as a water pill. There are numerous classes of diuretics. All diuretics boom the excretion of water from the body, via the kidneys. There exist numerous lessons of diuretic and every works in a wonderful way. Alternatively, an antidiuretic, which includes vasopressin (antidiuretic hormone), is an agent or drug which reduces the excretion of water in urine. Loop diuretics are the most effective diuretic. Thiazide is the most common diuretics use for the blood pressure.

  • Track 15-1Loop diuretics
  • Track 15-2Thiazide diuretics
  • Track 15-3Potassium sparing diuretics
  • Track 15-4Herbs and plants diuretics


Renal assist device (RAD) is a bio artificial kidney that combines a membrane hemofilter and a bioreactor of human renal tubule cells to mimic many of the metabolic, endocrine, and immunological features of a wholesome kidney. After scientific trials validated that the rad can safely deal with acute renal failure in a necessary care setting, adoption of the rad for hobbies remedy of kidney failure sufferers is hampered by means of its labour-intensive and complicated operation, giant size, and excessive marginal cost. The last purpose of the kidney project is to practice microelectromechanical structures (MEMS) and nanotechnology to miniaturize the extracorporeal rad into a surgically implantable, self-monitoring, and self-regulating bioartificial kidney. There are quite a few advantages to the implantable bioartificial kidney which includes the alleviation of the necessity of regular health practitioner oversight and a heavy routine of immunosuppressant pills and medication.

  • Track 16-1Kidney inflammation
  • Track 16-2Kidney cysts
  • Track 16-3Hypertension
  • Track 16-4Bone disease
  • Track 16-5Amyloidosis